· By Simon Greenwood-Haigh
Where do peanuts grow?
Peanuts, also known as groundnuts, are a staple crop around the world due to their versatility and nutrition. They are grown in over 100 countries, with major producers including China, India, the United States, and Nigeria.
China is the largest peanut producer, accounting for nearly 40% of global production. The crop is primarily grown in the provinces of Shandong, Henan, and Liaoning. Chinese peanuts are mainly used in domestic food consumption, with a small fraction exported to other countries.
India is the second-largest peanut producer, accounting for over 20% of global production. The crop is primarily grown in the states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. Indian peanuts are primarily used for oil production and the manufacturing of snacks like roasted peanuts, peanut butter, and peanut candy.
The United States is the third-largest peanut producer, accounting for around 6% of global production. The crop is mainly grown in the southern states of Georgia, Alabama, and Texas. American peanuts are primarily used for peanut butter production, with a large portion exported to other countries.
Nigeria is the fourth-largest peanut producer, accounting for around 4% of global production. The crop is mainly grown in the northern states of Kano, Kaduna, and Katsina. Nigerian peanuts are primarily used for oil production and domestic consumption.
Other major peanut producers include Argentina, Senegal, Sudan, and Indonesia. Peanuts are a low-maintenance crop, requiring little water and nutrients, making them a popular choice for farmers in many areas of the world.
Despite their popularity, peanut production faces several challenges, including pests, diseases, and climate change. In recent years, peanut farmers have faced increased pressure due to trade disputes, forcing them to find alternative markets for their crops.
Overall, peanut production plays a crucial role in the global food supply, providing a nutritious and versatile crop to people around the world. With continued innovation and investment in sustainable farming techniques, peanut farmers can continue to meet the growing demand for this beloved legume.